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评估值传递中信息技术(IT)使用的实施规程  
 【英文标准名称】  Code of practice for the use of information technology (IT) in the delivery of assessments
 【原文标准名称】  评估值传递中信息技术(IT)使用的实施规程
 【标准号】  BS 7988-2002
 【标准状态】  废止
 【国别】  英国
 【发布日期】  2002-03-28
 【实施或试行日期】  2002-03-28
 【发布单位】  英国标准学会(BSI)
 【起草单位】  BSI
 【标准类型】  ()
 【标准水平】  ()
 【中文主题词】  计算机应用;考试(教育);教育;训练;计算机软件
 【英文主题词】  
 【摘要】  1 General This British Standard gives recommendations on the use of information technology (IT) to deliver assessments to candidates and to record and score their responses. Its scope is defined in terms of three dimensions: the types of assessment to which it applies, the stages of the assessment "life cycle" to which it applies and this British Standard's focus on specifically IT aspects. 2 Types of assessment This British Standard is relevant to a wide range of assessments, including: —assessments used in education (both compulsory and post-compulsory), training and compliance (e.g. compliance with legislation relating to health and safety or financial services); —assessments of knowledge, understanding and skills (i.e. "achievement tests"), but not psychological tests of aptitude and personality; —high-stakes assessments and examinations and also low-stakes assessments used for feedback on progress, identification of learning needs, self-assessment and remediation; —assessments which include feedback, as well as those which provide only a result; —both fixed-date and on-demand assessments; —both items which can be scored by computer and the delivery (but not scoring) of items or tasks which are delivered using IT, but have to be referred to a human marker for scoring; however, the use of IT for scoring lengthy free-text responses ('essays" and similar) is excluded; —a wide range of computer-scorable assessments, including not only "objective tests" (multiple-choice and other item types), but also assessments of keyboarding skills and software use. NOTE Items can include graphics, multimedia and access to data, case studies etc. This British Standard does not, however, cover the use of specialist simulations (e.g. of industrial processes or driving/piloting). —assessments taken in universities, colleges, schools and assessment centres and also assessments taken in less formal settings, including learning centres and in the workplace; —assessments which are set, taken and scored within a single organization (for example a university or a company) and assessments taken in an organization separate from the one responsible for the assessment content; —assessments delivered in a variety of ways, including on-line, on local networks and on stand-alone computers. Clause 9 of this British Standard is also applicable to the use of IT for the transmission of candidates' coursework. 3 Assessment life cycle Although assessment procedures vary, the typical life cycle of assessment consists of the following steps: a) identification of need to assess; b) design of outcomes/assessment methodology; c) preparation and calibration; d) pre-registration (includes payment); e) distribution; f) authentication (includes identification); g) delivery; h) response return; i) scoring, result determination and/or feedback; j) data return; k) analysis; 1) appeals; m) certification. Preparation of assessment content is outside the scope of this British Standard, but where pretesting is undertaken using IT for delivery, the relevant clauses of this British Standard should be taken into consideration. 4 Focus on specifically IT aspects The emphasis throughout this British Standard is on the additional or different measures which should be taken as a result of the introduction of IT. Measures which are common to both paper and IT-delivered systems are either omitted or covered in only general terms. This British Standard does not cover the purely pedagogical aspects of assessment preparation or scoring, but does cover the use of IT to implement pedagogical decisions and the interface between assessment content and IT delivery. The quality of the assessment content and the scoring procedures are of crucial importance to the validity and reliability of the final result, but fall outside the scope of this Standard. Compliance with this British Standard does not indicate that the assessment
 【中国标准分类号】  L70
 【国际标准分类号】  35_240_99
 【页数】  36P;A4
 【正文语种】  英语
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