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在容器内被细菌、酵母菌和真菌侵染的胶粘剂制备物耐受性的标准试验方法  
 【英文标准名称】  Standard Test Methods for Resistance of Adhesive Preparations in Container to Attack by Bacteria, Yeast, and Fungi
 【原文标准名称】  在容器内被细菌、酵母菌和真菌侵染的胶粘剂制备物耐受性的标准试验方法
 【标准号】  ASTM D4783-2001(2008)
 【标准状态】  Active
 【国别】  美国
 【发布日期】  2001
 【实施或试行日期】  
 【发布单位】  美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
 【起草单位】  D14.30
 【标准类型】  (Test Method)
 【标准水平】  ()
 【中文主题词】  
 【英文主题词】  adhesive; bacteria; biological testing; culture; fungi; growth; yeast; Bacteria/bacterial control--adhesives; Fungal influence/resistance--adhesives; Storage--adhesives; Adhesives; Biocides; Biological data analysis; Sterilization; Yeasts
 【摘要】  

These test methods are used to demonstrate whether an adhesive preparation is sufficiently protected with biocide to resist attack by bacteria, yeast, and fungi during its storage life. They are patterned after methods used by biological laboratories serving the adhesive industry.

These test methods may also be used to determine the efficacy of different biocide systems against specific microorganisms.

These test methods are especially useful when tested against wild-type microorganisms which have been isolated from contaminated adhesives as an aid in determining the amount and type of biocide necessary to kill or inhibit the growth of the contaminants. If an isolated microorganism not generally used as a challenge organism, is chosen as the inoculum, it is important to identify the organism and determine on which medium and under what conditions it will grow, in order to demonstrate the efficacy of the biocide.

The results obtained when using the procedures given in these methods apply only to the species which are used for the testing. The test species listed in Section 9 are frequently used by laboratories to test for antimicrobial properties, but they are not the only ones which could be used. Selection of the species to use for these test methods requires informed judgment by the testing laboratory or by the party requesting the tests. It is also important that species which commonly attack adhesives be used. See 9.4.

The presence of an active biocide carried over from the adhesive specimen to the agar could have an inhibiting effect on the growth of microorganisms, resulting in no growth during the span of a normal incubation period, when in fact, viable microorganisms are present, but their growth has been slowed down or held in stasis. The use of Letheen agar and broth is recommended to neutralize the effect of this carry-over.

Note 48212;Letheen agar may be used for the streak plates, or if another agar is chosen for testing, a Letheen agar plate could be streaked as a control to test against the neutralizing effect. Even more effective would be diluting the challenged adhesive specimen with Letheen broth and running Letheen agar pour plates. See Note 1 and Note 3. Extending the incubation period of negative plates would be another safeguard. To neutralize thiazoline-based preservatives, 10 to 50 ppm of sodium thioglycolate can be added to the medium.

These test methods are dependent upon the physiological action of living microorganisms under a reported set of conditions. Conclusions about the resistance of the test adhesive to microbiological attack can be drawn by comparing the results to simultaneously run controls of known resistance. See X5.2 for statements regarding test repeatability.

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the resistance of liquid adhesive preparations to microbial attack in the container by challenging adhesive specimens with cultures of bacteria, yeast, or fungi, and checking for their ability to return to sterility. These test methods return qualitative results.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. These test methods are designed to be used by persons trained in correct microbiological technique. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.

 【中国标准分类号】  G38
 【国际标准分类号】  83_180
 【页数】  10P.;A4
 【正文语种】  英语
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